A bump on the head could lead to a subdural hematoma

Researchers estimate that hundreds of thousands of individuals suffer potentially serious brain injuries each year. What may be surprising to Georgia residents, however, is that in many cases neither the patients nor their doctors know it because a simple bump on the head may lead to a subdural hematoma.

A subdural hematoma is a blood clot between the brain and dura mater, which is the membrane that wraps around and protects the brain. A web of veins connect the dura mater and the surface of the brain.

Those who are most at risk of subdural hematoma injuries are the elderly. As people age, their brains shrink and pull away from the dura mater. The veins continue to hold on, so some of them become more vulnerable and exposed. A simple head bump on the roof of a structure or a head jerk from falling or tripping creates enough power to stretch and tear the veins, according to researchers. The blood oozes from the veins and lays on top of the brain. After days or weeks of pooling, the blood begins irritating the brain cells and can create enough pressure to damage the brain.

This type of injury is unlike the typical blast injury that U.S. troops suffer while fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq, which rattle the brain and cause microscopic damage that may be impossible to discover or identify. It is also unlike the typical football concussion, which causes damage to the electrical wiring in the brain.

When serious brain injuries are the result of someone else's negligent actions, the victim may want to file a personal injury lawsuit against the at-fault party seeking compensation for the losses that have been incurred. An attorney can be of assistance in this regard.

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