Understanding the different types of brain injury

No brain injury is the same because the different impacts and forces that may be involved. Georgia patients who are dealing with brain injuries may want to learn more so that they can prepare for treatment.

There are five types of traumatic brain injury, which occur with an impact, violent shaking or whiplash. A concussion can damage the cranial nerves and stretch the blood vessels. The injury has the potential to cause functional impairments that may improve with rehabilitation. Diffuse axonal creates tears in the brain nerve tissue, disrupting normal chemical and communication functions. The functions that are affected depend on which nerves are torn. This injury can cause short- or long-term damage, a coma or death. Contusions cause bleeding on the brain. In serious cases, large contusions might be removed through surgery. A coup-countercoup occurs when a contusion is located at both the impact site and on the other side of the brain. Penetrating brain injuries involve objects going through the skin and bones and entering the brain. The injury is called "through-and-through" if the object exits the opposite side of the impact.

There are four types of acquired brain injury, which cause brain damage from degenerative disorders, near drowning, strokes, toxins or tumors. An anoxic anoxia injury happens when the brain does not receive oxygen, an anemic anoxia injury happens with a lack of blood to supply oxygen, and a toxic anoxia injury occurs when metabolites or toxins block the oxygen supply. Hypoxic brain injuries occur when the brain does not receive enough oxygen but receives some. A hypoxic-ischemic, ischemic insult or stagnant hypoxia injury happens when not enough blood flows to the brain because of critically low blood pressure or blood flow.

People who suffer traumatic brain injuries as a result of the negligence of another party, such as in a car accident, may want to meet with a personal injury attorney to determine the options that are available. It may be advisable to seek compensation for the losses that have been sustained by filing a lawsuit against the at-fault party.

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